How To Use Shutdown Command.
In this tutorial, we will show you how to use the shutdown command through practical examples and detailed explanations of the most common shutdown options.
Shutdown Command Syntax
Before going into how to use the shutdown command, let’s start by reviewing the basic syntax.
The shutdown command expressions take the following form:
options – Shutdown options such as halt, power-off (the default option) or reboot the system.
time – The time argument specifies when to perform the shutdown process.
message – The message argument specifies a message which will be broadcast to all users.
On the recent Linux distributions shutdown is an alias to systemctl and it is available in the system only for compatibility reasons.
How to Use the shutdown Command
Only the root and users with sudo privileges can use crontab command.
When used with no arguments, the shutdown command will power off the machine.
The shutdown process starts after 1 minute, which is the default time interval.
How to Shutdown the System at a Specified Time
The time argument can have two different formats. It can be an absolute time in the format hh:mm and relative time in the format +m where m is the number of minutes from now.
The following example will schedule system shutdown at 11 A.M:
The following example will schedule system shutdown in 10 minutes from now:
How to Shutdown the System Immediately
To shut down your system immediately you can use +0 or its alias now:
How to Broadcast a Custom Message
To broadcast a custom message along with the standard shutdown notification type your message after the time argument.
The following example, will shut down the system in 30 minutes from now and notify the users that a hardware upgrade will be performed:
It is important to mention that when specifying a custom wall message, you must specify a time argument too.
How to Reboot the System
To reboot the system, use the -r argument:
You can also specify a time argument and a custom message:
The command above will reboot the system after 5 minutes and broadcast Updating kernel.
How to Cancel a Scheduled Shutdown
If you have scheduled shutdown and you want to cancel it, you can use the -c argument:
When canceling a scheduled shutdown, you cannot specify a time argument, but you can still broadcast a message that will be sent to all users.
The shutdown command allows you to halt, power-off and reboot your Linux system.