How To Install Tomcat 9 On CentOS 7.
This tutorial covers the steps required to install Tomcat 9.0 on CentOS 7.
Tomcat is an open-source implementation of the Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages, Java Expression Language, and Java WebSocket technologies.
Tomcat 9 requires Java SE 8 or later. We will install OpenJDK, the open-source implementation of the Java Platform ,which is the default Java development and runtime in CentOS 7.
Install Java by typing the following command:
Create Tomcat system user
Running Tomcat as the root user is a security risk and not considered best practice.
We’ll create a new system user and group with home directory /opt/tomcat that will run the Tomcat service:
We will download the latest version of Tomcat 9.0.x from the Tomcat downloads page .
At the time of writing, the latest Tomcat version is 9.0.27. Before continuing with the next step, you should check the Tomcat 9 download page to see if a newer version is available.
Navigate to the /tmp directory and download the Tomcat zip file using the following wget command :
When the download is complete, extract the tar file :
Move the Tomcat source files to it to the /opt/tomcat directory:
Tomcat 9 is updated frequently. To have more control over versions and updates, we’ll create a symbolic link called latest, that points to the Tomcat installation directory:
The tomcat user that we previously set up needs to have access to the tomcat installation directory.
Run the following command to change the directory ownership to user and group tomcat:
Make the scripts inside the bin directory executable by issuing the following chmod command:
Create a systemd unit file
To make Tomcat run as a service open your text editor and create a tomcat.service unit file in the /etc/systemd/system/ directory:
Paste the following content:
Save and close the file.
Notify systemd that we created a new unit file by typing:
Enable and start the Tomcat service:
Check the service status with the following command:
Adjust the Firewall
If your server is protected by a firewall and you want to access the tomcat interface from the outside of the local network, you need to open port 8080.
Use the following commands to open the necessary port:
In most cases, when running Tomcat in a production environment, you will use a load balancer or reverse proxy . It’s a best practice to allow access to port 8080 only to your internal network.
Configure Tomcat Web Management Interface
At this point Tomcat is installed, and we can access it with a web browser on port 8080, but we can not access the web management interface because we have not created a user yet.
Tomcat users and their roles are defined in the tomcat-users.xml file.
If you open the file, you will notice that it is filled with comments and examples describing how to configure the file.
To add a new user that will be able to access the tomcat web interface (manager-gui and admin-gui) you need to define the user in tomcat-users.xml file as shown below. Make sure you change the username and password to something more secure:
By default Tomcat web management interface is configured to allow access only from the localhost. If you want to be able to access the web interface from a remote IP or from anywhere which is not recommended because it is a security risk you can open the following files and make the following changes.
If you need to access the web interface from anywhere open the following files and comment or remove the lines highlighted in yellow:
If you need to access the web interface only from a specific IP, instead of commenting the blocks add your public IP to the list. Let’s say your public IP is 18.104.22.168 and you want to allow access only from that IP:
The list of allowed IP addresses is a list separated with vertical bar
|. You can add single IP addresses or use a regular expressions.
Once done, restart the Tomcat service for changes to take effect:
Test the Installation
Open your browser and type: http://<your_domain_or_IP_address>:8080
Tomcat web application manager dashboard is available at http://<your_domain_or_IP_address>:8080/manager/html. From here, you can deploy, undeploy, start, stop, and reload your applications.
Tomcat virtual host manager dashboard is available at http://<your_domain_or_IP_address>:8080/host-manager/html. From here, you can create, delete, and manage Tomcat virtual hosts.
You have successfully installed Tomcat 9.0 on your CentOS 7 system and learned how to access the Tomcat management interface. You can now visit the official Apache Tomcat 9.0 Documentation and learn more about the Apache Tomcat features.