How To Install Python Pip
This guide explains how to install pip for Python 3 and Python 2 on Ubuntu 22.04. We will also show you the basics of installing and managing Python packages with pip.
Before You Begin
Python comes in two flavors; Python 2 and Python 3. Python 3 is included in the base system installation, and Python 2 can be installed from the default ubuntu repositories. Users are encouraged to use Python 3.
Installing pip for Python 3
Installing pip for Python 3 on Ubuntu 22.04 is a straightforward process. Run the following commands as root or sudo user in your terminal:
The command above also installs all the dependencies required for building Python modules.
Once the installation is complete, verify it by checking the pip version:
The version number may vary, but it will look something like this:
Installing pip for Python 2
Pip for Python 2 is not included in the Ubuntu 22.04 repositories. We’ll be installing pip for Python 2 using the get-pip.py script.
If you already don’t have Python 2 installed on your system, install it by running:
Use curl to download the get-pip.py script:
Run the script as sudo user using the python2 binary to install pip for Python 2:
The command above installs pip globally. If you want to install it only for your user, run the command without sudo. The script also installs the setuptools and wheel packages that allow you to install source distributions.
Verify the installation by printing the pip version number:
The output will look something like this:
How to Use Pip
In this section, we show you a few useful basic pip commands. To get a list of all pip commands and options, type:
You can get more information about a specific command using pip <command> –help . For example, to get more information about the install command, type:
Installing Packages with Pip
The most basic function of the pip tool is to install a package. Let’s say you want to install Numpy
To install the latest version of a package, you would run the following command:
For example, to install the NumPy package, you would type:
To install a specific version of a package, append == and the version number after the package name:
Replace pip3 with pip2 if using Python 2.
Installing Packages with Pip using the Requirements Files
requirement.txt is a text file containing a list of pip packages with their versions required to run a specific Python project.
To install a list of requirements specified in a file, use the following command:
Listing Installed Packages
To list all the installed pip packages, use the “list” subcommand:
Upgrade a Package With Pip
To upgrade an already installed package to the latest version, enter:
Uninstalling Packages With Pip
To uninstall a package, run:
We have shown you how to install pip on your Ubuntu machine and manage Python packages using pip.