How To Create Users With Usseradd Comand.
In this article, we will talk about how to create new user accounts using the useradd command.
The general syntax for the useradd command is as follows:
You can add users only if you have sudo privileges.
How to Create a New User in Linux.
To create a new user account, invoke the useradd command followed by the name of the user.
For example to create a new user named liviu.daniel you would run:
When executed without any option, useradd creates a new user account using the default settings specified in the /etc/default/useradd file.
Now wee must set password
How to Add a New User and Create Home Directory
The command above creates the new user’s home directory and copies files from /etc/skel directory to the user’s home directory. If you list the files in the /home/liviu.daniel directory, you will see the initialization files:
Within the home directory, the user can write, edit and delete files and directories.
Creating a User with Specific Home Directory
By default useradd creates the user’s home directory in /home. If you want to create the user’s home directory in other location, use the d (–home) option.
Here is an example showing how to create a new user named liviu.daniel .daniel with a home directory of /opt/liviu.daniel .daniel :
Creating a User with Specific User ID
In Linux and Unix-like operating systems, users are identified by unique UID and liviu.daniel .daniel .
By default, when a new user is created, the system assigns the next available UID from the range of user IDs specified in the login.defs file.
Invoke useradd with the -u (–uid) option to create a user with a specific UID. For example to create a new user named liviu.daniel .daniel with UID of 1500 you would type:
You can verify the user’s UID, using the id command:
Creating a User with Specific Group ID
When creating a new user, the default behavior of the useradd command is to create a group with the same name as the liviu.daniel .daniel , and same GID as UID.
The -g (–gid) option allows you to create a user with a specific initial login group. You can specify either the group name or the GID number. The group name or GID must already exist.
The following example shows how to create a new user named liviu.daniel .daniel and set the login group to users type:
To verify the user’s GID, use the id command:
Creating a User and Assign Multiple Groups
You to specify a list of supplementary groups which the user will be a member of with the -G (–groups) option.
The following command creates a new user named liviu.daniel .daniel with primary group users and secondary groups wheel and docker.
You can check the user groups by typing
Creating a User with Specific Login Shell
By default, the new user’s login shell is set to the one specified in the /etc/default/useradd file. In some distributions the default shell is set to /bin/sh while in others it is set to /bin/bash.
The -s (–shell) option allows you to specify the new user’s login shell.
For example, to create a new user named liviu.daniel .daniel with /usr/bin/zsh as a login shell type:
Check the user entry in the /etc/passwd file to verify the user’s login shell:
Creating a User with Custom Comment
The -c (–comment) option allows you to add a short description for the new user. Typically the user’s full name or the contact information are added as a comment.
In the following example, we are creating a new user named liviu.daniel .daniel with text string Test User Account as a comment:
The comment is saved in /etc/passwd file:
The comment field is also known as GECOS.
Creating a User with an Expiry Date
To define a time at which the new user accounts will expire, use the -e (–expiredate) option. This is useful for creating temporary accounts.
The date must be specified using the YYYY-MM-DD format.
For example to create a new user account named liviu.daniel .daniel with an expiry time set to January 22 2019 you would run:
Use the chage command to verify the user account expiry date:
The output will look something like this:
Creating a System User
Use the -r (–system) option to create a system user account. For example, to create a new system user named liviu.daniel .daniel you would run:
System users are created with no expiry date. Their UIDs are chosen from the range of system user IDs specified in the login.defs file, which is different than the range used for normal users.
Changing the Default useradd Values
The default useradd options can be viewed and changed using the -D, –defaults option, or by manually editing the values in the /etc/default/useradd file.
To view the current default options type:
The output will look something like this:
Let’s say you want to change the default login shell from /bin/sh to /bin/bash. To do that, specify the new shell as shown below:
You can verify that the default shell value is changed by running the following command:
We have shown you how to create new user accounts using the useradd command. The same instructions apply for any Linux distribution, including Ubuntu, CentOS, RHEL, Debian, Fedora, and Arch Linux.